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Villa Falkenhorst, Geburtshaus von Norman Douglas in Thüringen, Vorarlberg.


8. Dezember 1868 wurde Norman Douglas in der Villa Falkenhorst in Thüringen (Vorarlberg) geboren. - Sohn des John Sholto Douglass und der Vanda geb. Pöllnitz. Der Familiensitz der Douglass war Tilquhillie Castle in der Nähe von Banchory, Aberdeen. Die Pöllnitz bewohnten Babenwohl bei Bregenz (heute Vorarlberger Landesbibliothek).

Born in Thüringen, Vorarlberg, on 8. December 1868, in Villa Falkenhorst. Son of John Sholto Douglass and Vanda Douglass, née Pöllnitz. The Douglass`s ancestral home was Tilquhillie Castle, close to Banchory, Aberdeen. The Pöllnitz family lived in Babenwohl, on the outskirts of Bregenz (now the Vorarlberg State Library).

1877 - 1883 - Schulbesuch in England (Yarlet Hall, Mowsley, Uppingham).

School attendances in England (Yarlet Hall, Mowsley, Uppingham).

1883 - 1889 - Gymnasium in Karlsruhe.

Grammar school (high school) in Karlsruhe.

1886 - erste Veröffentlichungen in "The Zoologist": Variation of Plumage in the Corvidae. Variation of Colour in the European Squirrel. Present Distribution of the Beaver in Europe.

Leadoff publications in the journal "The Zoologist": Variation of Plumage in the Corvidae. Variation of Colour in the European Squirrel. Present Distribution of the Beaver in Europe.

1888 - erster Besuch auf Capri (wegen der blauen Eidechsen auf den Faraglioni Felsen).

First visit to Capri (to see the blue lizards on the Faraglioni).

1889 - Matura. - Paris. - Ausflüge nach Irland und zu den Hebriden.

School leaving examination. - Paris. - Trips to Ireland and the Hebrides.

1890 - Umzug nach London.

Change of residence to London.

1891 - Veröffentlichung in "The Zoologist": On the Herpetology of the Grand Duchy of Baden. Im selben Jahr auf die Shetlands, nach Clifton (in der Nähe von Bristol).

Publication in "The Zoologist": On the Herpetology of the Grand Duchy of Baden. In the same year, visits to the Shetland Islands and Clifton (near Bristol).

1892 - April / Mai: Reise nach Malta, Brindisi, Korfu, Patras, Athen, Sorrent, Amalfi, Cava.

April / May: travels to Malta, Brindisi, Corfu, Patras, Athens, Sorrento, Amalfi, Cava.

1893 - Prüfung für den diplomatischen Dienst (London) - ein Jahr Auswärtiges Amt; Reisen nach Italien und Griechenland.

Entrance examination for the diplomatic service (London). One year in the Foreign Office; visits to Italy and Greece.

1894 - 1896 - Britische Botschaft in St. Petersburg. - Reisen nach Finnland, Polen, Kleinasien (Konstantinopel, Smyrna, Ankara). Liparische Inseln.

British Embassy in St. Petersburg. - Visits to Finland, Poland, Asia Minor (Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara), the Lipari Islands.

1895 - Veröffentlichung in "The Zoologist": On the Darwinian Hypothesis of Sexual Selection.

Publication in "The Zoologist": On the Darwinian Hypothesis of Sexual Selection.

1896 - zwei Jahre Freistellung vom diplomatischen Dienst, die N.D. mit Reisen verbringt.

Two years leave of absence form the diplomatic service, which ND spent traveling.

1897 - erbt er ein Teil seines väterlichen Besitzes in Vorarlberg und kauft die Villa Maya in Posillipo (Neapel). Besuche in Vorarlberg, London, Paris. Kreuzfahrt mit Marion Crawford nach Elba und Korsika. Besuche auf Capri und in Meran.

Inherited a part of his father`s possessions in Vorarlberg and bought Villa Maya (Posillipo, Naples). Visits to Vorarlberg, London, Paris. Cruise with Marion Crawford to Elba and Corsica. Visits to Capri and Merano.

1898 - heiratet Elisabeth Louisa Theobaldine (Elsa) FitzGibbon. Sie beziehen Wohnung in der Villa Maya. Gemeinsame Reisen nach Indien und Ceylon.

Marries Elisabeth Louisa Theobaldine (Elsa) FitzGibbon. They moved to Villa Maya. Travels together to India and Ceylon.

1899 - Geburt des Sohnes Louis Archibald (Archie). Erste Reise nach Tunesien. Sommer in Vorarlberg.

Birth of son, Louis Archibald (Archi). First journey to Tunisia. Summer in Vorarlberg.

1901 - Geburt des Sohnes Robert Sholto (Robin). Reisen im Mittelmeer und Ägypten. Gemeinsam mit Elsa die Veröffentlichung: Unprofessional Tales unter dem Pseudonym Normyx.

Birth of son, Robert Sholto (Robin). Travels around the Mediterranien See and Egypt. Together with Elsa (pseudonym Normix) publication: Unprofessional Tales.

1904 - Trennung und Scheidung von Elsa.

Separation and divorce from Elsa.

1904 - N.D. zieht in die Villa Daphne auf Capri. Pflanzt Bäume (Caterola), kauft einen Wald bei Castiglione (Petrara) für den Bau eines Hauses.

ND changed into Villa Daphne on Capri. Planted trees (Caterola), bought woodlands (Petrara) in Castiglione. 

1905 - 1916 - Douglas nimmt seine schriftstellerische Tätigkeit auf und pflegt regen Kontakt mit Joseph Conrad.

Douglas regularly visited the author Joseph Conrad and takes  his literary activity up.

1907 - Reise durch Kalabrien.

Journey through Calabria.

1908 - Ischia (Beginn von Siren Land), Liparische Inseln.

Ischia (biginning of Siren Land), Lipari Islands.

1909 - Wanderung durch Süditalien. - Sammlung bei Ausländern für die Opfer der Erdbebenkatastrophe bei Messina (8. Dez. 1908). Reise nach Tunesien (Fountains in the Sand).

Hike through South Italy. - Collected donations from foreign citizens for the victims of the Messina earthquake (8. Dec. 1908). Journey to Tunisia (Fountains in the Sand).

1910 - 1916 - London.

London.

1911 - Edward Garnett finanziert die Veröffentlichung von Siren Land. - Reise nach Kalabrien mit Eric.

Edward Garnett financed the publication of Siren Land. - Trip to Calabria with Eric.

1912 - Fountains in the Sand. - Von Okt. 1912 bis April 1916 Redaktor bei der English Review (Hrsg.: Ford Madox Ford, später Austin Harrison).

Fountains in the Sand. - From October 1912 to April 1916, co-publisher of The English Review (Ed.: Ford Madox, later Austin Harrison).

1915 - Sommer in Suffolk. Old Calabria.

Summer in Suffolk. Old Calabria.

1916 - London Street Games. Rückkehr nach Italien - Capri (Beiträge in der Anglo-Italian-Review).

London Street Games. Return to Italy - Capri (Contributions to the Anglo-Italian Review).

1917 - Italien. South Wind (Übersetzung: Sirokko 1937, Südwind 1966).

Italy. South Wind.

1918 - Paris und St. Malo. - Menton, wo ND René Marie kennenlernt.

Paris and St. Malo. - Menton, where ND became friendship with René.

1919 - Mit René unterwegs in Arles, Nimes, Avignon, Sorgues, Vaucluse, Orange. Ab November in Florenz.

Travels with René to Arles, Nimes, Avignon, Sorgues, Vaucluse, Orange. From November in Florence.

1920 - Reise nach Griechenland, Skyros. - They Went.

Trip to Greece, Skyros. - They Went.

1921 - Alone.

Alone.

1922 - lässt N.D. sich in Florenz nieder - Lungarno delle Grazie 14 (bis 1937). Lernt Pino Orioli (Lungarno Press) kennen. In den 20er und 30er Jahren, Reisen nach Vorarlberg (Bludenz, Walgau), Frankreich, Monte Carlo, Griechenland, Tunesien, Indien.

ND settled to Florence - Lugarno delle Grazie 14 (until 1937). Became acquainted with Pino Orioli (Lugarno Press). In the 20s and 30s, visits to Vorarlberg, France, Monte Carlo, Greece, Tunesia and India.

1923 - Together (deutsche Übersetzungen: Sirokko ,1937 und Wieder im Walgau, 1982).

Together (German translation: "Sirokko", 1937 and "Wieder im Walgau", 1982).

1925 - Ostafrika (Tanganyika, Kenya).

East Africa (Tanganyika, Kenya).

1928 - Reise nach Baalbek, Libanon, Syrien.

Travel to Baalbek, Lebanon, Syria.

1931 - Ostafrika.

East Africa.

1937 - 1940 - in Südfrankreich (Vence, Antibes). Über Lissabon (auf der Flucht im Zweiten Weltkrieg) kommt N.D. 1941 wieder nach London. - Sein Freund Pino Orioli stirbt 1942 in Lissabon.

In South France. (Vence, Antibes). - Via Lisbon, (at the elopement) ND returned to London in 1941. - Pino Orioli died in Lisbon in 1942.

1946 - Sommer, Rückkehr nach Italien, über Rom, Positano nach Capri (bezieht Wohnung in der Villa Tuoro von Kenneth Mcpherson). Wird Ehrenbürger von Capri.

Summer, return to Italy, via Rome, Positano to Capri (took up residence in Villa Tuoro, which was owned by Kenneth Macpherson). Given the title of honorary citizen of Capri.

1952 - ...in der Nacht vom 8. auf den 9. Februar stirbt Norman Douglas in der Villa Tuoro und wird auf dem "Cimitero Acattolico" auf Capri beerdigt. Grabinschrift: Omnes eodem cogimur

...in the night of the 8th to the 9th on February, Norman Douglas died, he is buried in the "Cimitero Acattolico". Epitaph: Omnes eodem cogimur


Für eine ausführliche Biographie (Buch) können Interessenten über diese Homepage Kontakt aufnehmen!

If you have any questions regarding the collection: ro.he.kohler@bluewin.ch

For a detailed Biography in German - please take contact over this homepage (End of 2008).

                                                                                     

                                             

                                            Primärliteratur

Variation of Plumage in the Corvidae. Zoologist, 1886.

Variation of colour in the european Squirrel. Zoologist, 1886.

Present distribution of the Beaver in Europe. Zoologist, 1886.

Der Moorfrosch, Rana Arvalis, bei Karlsruhe. Zoologischer Garten, 1889.

On the Herpetology of the Grand Duchy of Baden. Zoologist, 1891.

Zur Fauna Santorins. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 1892.

Contributions to an Avifauna of Baden. Zoologist, 1894.

The Beaver in Norway (translated by N.D.). London, 1895.

Report on the Pumice Stone Industry of the Lipari Islands. London, 1895.

On the Darwinian Hypothesis of Sexual Selection. London, 1895.

Unprofessional Tales (by "Normix"). London, 1901.

The Blue Grotto and its Literature. London, 1904.

The Forestal Conditions of Capri. London, 1904

Fabio Giordano`s Relation of Capri. London, 1906.

Three Monographs - The Lost Literature of Capri, Tiberius, Saracens and Corsairs in Italy. Naples, 1906.

The Life of the Venerable Suor Serafina Di Dio. London, 1907.

Some Antiquarian Notes. Naples, 1907.

Siren Land. London, 1911.

Fountains in the Sand. London, 1912.

Disiecta Membra. London, 1915.

Old Calabria. London, 1915.

Index (to the Capri Monographs). London, 1915.

London Street Games. London, 1916.

South Wind. London, 1917.

They Went. London, 1920.

Alone. London, 1921.

Together. London, 1923.

D.H. Lawrence and Maurice Magnus: A Plea for Better Manners. Privately printed, Florence, 1924.

Experiments. Privately printed, Florence, 1927.

Birds and Beasts of the Greek Anthology. Privately printed, Florence, 1927.

In the Beginning. Privately printed, Florence, 1927.

Some Limericks. Privately printed, Florence, 1928.

Nerinda. G. Orioli, Florence, 1929.

One Day. The Hours Press, Cunard, France, 1929.

How About Europe? (published in the U.S.A. as Goodbye to the Western Culture). Privately printed, Florence, 1929.

The Angel of Manfredonia. The Windsor Press, San Francisco, 1929.

Three of Them (One Day, Nerinda, On the Herpetology of the Grand Duchy of Baden). London, 1930.

Paneros. G. Orioli, Florence, 1930.

Capri: Materials for a Description of the Island. G. Orioli, Florence, 1930.

Summer Islands. London, 1931.

Looking Back. London, 1933.

An Almanac. Privately printed, Lisbon, 1941.

Late Harvest. London, 1946.

Footnote on Capri. London, 1952.

Venus in the Kitchen. London, 1952.


                                     Sekundärliteratur


Aram Kurt:Violet (Einblick in die Ehe von Elsa mit Norman), 1910.
Manly John:Contemporary British Literature, 1921.
Lawrence D.H.:Aron`s Rod, 1922.
Weygandt Cornelius:A Century of the English Novel, 1925.
McDonald Edward:A Bobliography of Norman Douglas. Philadelphia, 1927.
Draper Muriel:Musik at Midnight, 1929.
Scarborough Dorothy:Introduction about Norman Douglas and his book South Wind, 1929.
Tomlinson Henry:Norman Douglas. London & New York, 1931.
Mac Gillivray (Dawkins) Richard: Norman Douglas, Florence, 1933.
Orioli Pino:Adventures of a Bookseller, 1938.
Lindemann Ralph:Norman Douglas. A critical study. University of Pittsburgh, 1949; Columbia University, 1950.
Cerio Edwin:Capri - Ein kleines Welttheater im Mittelmeer, 1950.
Memorial exhibition of work by Norman Douglas:Edinburgh Central Library, 1952.
Fitzgibbon Constantine:Norman Douglas. A Pictorial Record, 1952.
Macpherson Kenneth:Omnes eodem cogimur. Some notes written following the death of Norman Douglas, 1952.
Aldington Richard:Pinorman. Personal Recollections of Norman Douglas, Pino Orioli, Charles Prentice, 1954.
Cunard Nancy:Grand Man. Norman Douglas, 1954.
Woolf Cecil:A Bibliography of Norman Douglas, 1954.
Dooley David Joseph:The impact of satire on fiction. Studies in Norman Douglas, Sinclair Lewis, Aldous Huxley, Evelyn Waugh and George Orwell. State University of Iowa, 1955.
Wilson Edmund:A Literary Chronicle: 1920 - 1950, 1956.
Greenlees Jan:Norman Douglas. London, 1957 (For the British Coucil and the National Book League).
Lindeman Ralph:Norman Douglas. New York, 1965.
Wyly Ralph Donald:The travel books of Norman Douglas. The Ohio State University, 1965.
Flory Eveliyn Albert:Norman Douglas. The role of nature. New York, University Library, 1965.
Leary Lewis:Norman Douglas, 1968.
Hummel Madeline, Roberta Moore:Noman Douglas. An annotated edition of his unpublished correspondence. University of Texas at Austin, 1971.
Johnson Dolores Mae:Norman Douglas`s South Wind. A discussion novel of the lost generation. University of Washington, 1971.
Leuba & Dilworth:Two Dialogues - George Santayana and Norman Douglas, 1974.
Greene Graham:An impossible Woman, 1975.
Tomshany Robert Aladar:Counterpoint in modern British fiction. A study of Norman Douglas, Aldous Huxley and Lawrence Durrell. University of Louisville, 1975.
Bakker Rudolf:Norman Douglas - de Schotse sater van Capri, 1976.
Holloway Mark:Norman Douglas. A Biography. London, 1976.
Fussel Paul:British literary traveling between the wars, 1980.
White Patrick Edward:Varieties of primitivism in the travel bools of D.H. Lawrence, Norman Dougls and H.M. Tomlinson. University of Iowa, 1980.
Copeland Joshua Paul:Subjective geography. Form and content in the travel books of Norman Douglas. University of South Carolina, 1985.
Grand Man: Norman Douglas 1868 - 1952:An exhibition at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library. University of Toronto, 1982.
Palombi Cataldi Anna Maria:Il mito di Capri. Norman Douglas. Napoli, 1996.


 
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